Wart Treatment
Wart Treatment
Warts (veeruca) are benign infections of the skin caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)....
What is a wart?
Warts (veeruca) are benign infections of the skin caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
What Causes Warts?
It is a chronic infection of the skin caused by HPV. Warts are most commonly transmitted through direct contact with a person infected with HPV. Transmission is common, especially within the family and at school. Although it is seen at all ages, we see it more frequently in children and young people. Its frequency decreases after middle age. Apart from direct human-to-human transmission, it can be transmitted from shared pools, bathrooms and objects. Animal-to-human transmission has also been reported. This type of contamination can be encountered especially in butchers.
Are warts contagious?
Wart infection is a disease caused by HPV and is contagious. It can be transmitted through direct person-to-person contact, use of shared items, and sexual intercourse.
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What are HPV Types?
Verruca Vulgaris
The most common benign HPV infection, which manifests itself with blisters on the skin, is the wart type. HPV 1-2-4 is often the causative agent. It can be located in almost any area of ​​the skin.

Verruca Plantaris
It is a type of wart seen on the sole of the foot. It often develops due to HPV 1 and 63. It tends to settle deeper. It may manifest itself with black spots on the soles of the feet, loss of skin lines, and pain. It can be confused with callus. Situations such as staying in shoes for a long time and excessive sweating may cause an increase in lesions. In this respect, it is necessary to be careful and keep the feet as dry as possible.

Verruca Filiformis
It is a type of wart in the form of thin, long skin protrusions in a more threadlike form that we see on the face, around the nostrils, eyelids, ears and neck.

Genital Wart
Genital warts are among the most common sexually transmitted diseases. It is mostly located around the penis, vulva, vagina, scrotum and perineum. The most common factors are HPV -6 and 11. It appears as raised lesions on the skin that resemble cauliflower.

Verruca Plana
These are warts that appear flatter and flatter. They often develop due to HPV 3-10-28 and 49. It is most commonly seen on the face, neck and back of the hands. The verru planta itself has a benign course. However, when very common verruca is detected in older ages, it is necessary to conduct research, especially in terms of immunosuppression.
How to Diagnose Warts?
The diagnosis of warts can usually be made clinically, through examination and looking at the shape of the lesion. In cases where it is difficult to make a diagnosis, we support and clarify the diagnosis by taking a biopsy.
How to Treat Warts?
Factors such as the prevalence of the wart, the person's immune status, and age are decisive in the treatment of warts. While it may sometimes go away on its own, sometimes the treatment may take a short time or we may see chronic warts that are resistant to prolonged treatment.

Cryotherapy (liquid nitrogen)
The treatment method we use most frequently in daily practice in wart treatment is cryotherapy, freezing treatment with liquid nitrogen. Our aim in this treatment is to freeze the wart with liquid nitrogen and separate the root of the wart from the skin. Liquid nitrogen has a cold temperature approaching -200°C and can cause mild pain during the procedure. As a result of cryotherapy, mild blistering and redness may occur in that area, and care recommendations, creams, etc. are prescribed for that area. Cryotherapy is usually repeated every 2-3 weeks until the wart is cured.

Electrocauterization (burning therapy)
It is a treatment method based on the principle of visualizing the wart and destroying it with heat through electrocauterization by applying local anesthesia. It can be applied on face, neck, scalp, knee, elbow and mouth lesions.

chemical agents
Topically applied keratolytic agents are used. These chemical agents work by breaking down the wart tissue. Agents such as salicylic acid, podophyllin, TCA (trichloroacetic acid) are used.

laser therapy
Today, wart tissue is treated by destroying it with laser technologies.

Surgical
Surgical method is preferred in the treatment of warts in the genital area, especially those that are large in size and resistant to other treatments.
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