Eczema Treatment
Eczema Treatment
Eczema; It is a common skin disease that manifests itself with redness, dryness, burning, itching, and sometimes watering on the skin surface....
What is Eczema?
Eczema; It is a common skin disease that manifests itself with redness, dryness, burning, itching, and sometimes watering on the skin surface.
What Causes Eczema?
Contact dermatitis, the most common form of eczema, occurs as a result of the skin's response to irritating or sensitizing substances that come into contact with the skin. Factors such as atopic dermatitis, hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), skin infections, skin cracks, trauma, heat and cold facilitate the emergence of eczema.
Atopic Dermatitis
Constitutional eczema seen in people with a genetic predisposition is called 'atopic dermatitis'.
What are the symptoms of eczema?
Acute irritant contact dermatitis (eczema)
In the acute form of eczema, the substance that comes into contact with the skin causes the development of eczema with a toxic effect. These strong irritants are mostly acidic or alkaline. Disinfectant solutions are among the most common culprit agents. Eczema is limited to the area where the irritating substance comes into contact. The reaction, which begins with redness in the eczema area, may subsequently appear as filled vesicles, blisters, and blisters.

Atopic Dermatitis
It is a genetically based form of eczema observed in people with a constitutional predisposition. It is seen in 3 periods depending on age.
Chronic irritant contact dermatitis (eczema)
We frequently see the chronic irritant form of eczema, especially in groups such as housewives, hairdressers, healthcare personnel and cleaning workers. Frequent contact with water, detergent, solvent and soap triggers the formation of eczema. Repetitive irritant contact causes skin sensitization and causes eczema. We see it as hand eczema, especially in the hand area where contact is frequent. We encounter symptoms such as dryness in the hands, flaking of the skin, itching, cracking between the fingers, on the back of the hands, and thickening of the skin. Unlike acute irritant dermatitis, there is a risk of spreading to surrounding areas where eczema begins due to sensitization.

Atopic dermatitis infantile period (0-2 years old)
Atopic dermatitis seen up to the age of 2 is called Infanti (infancy) atopic dermatitis. It begins in babies aged 2-6 months. It may last up to age 2 or extend into childhood. Red, scaly, round skin rashes may appear, especially on the cheeks. Sometimes it may appear as a persistent diaper eczema or persistent oily eczema on the scalp (seborrheic dermatitis). In babies who have reached the crawling stage, rashes may appear in areas that come into contact with friction, such as knees and elbows.

Childhood atopic dermatitis (2 years old - adult period)
It is a form of atopic dermatitis that can be observed starting after the age of 2 and continuing until adulthood. Sometimes, it may begin immediately after infancy, or it may occur years later. Although its course varies from person to person, it may end at the age of 10-12 or continue during adulthood. During this period, eczema tends to affect folds such as the knees, inner elbows, and neck. Atopic dermatitis is often accompanied by itching. It may be accompanied by a personal or family history of atopy. In a history of atopy; Findings such as rhinitis, asthma and allergic predisposition can be observed. Atopic dermatitis has a recurrent and chronic course.

Adult atopic dermatitis
Dryness and itching are prominent in adult eczema. It tends to involve folds such as knees and elbow pits. Hand and foot eczema is also common in adulthood. Due to severe itching, small crusty wounds can be found in eczema areas due to itching, which we call excoriation. These areas can easily become infected, resulting in leakage and crusting. Dry skin, seasonal change, fine flaking, dark color under the eyes, and severe itching are typical features of adult atopic dermatitis. Especially after showering and in cold weather, skin dryness and associated itching may become evident.
How to Treat Eczema?
1. The most important step in eczema treatment is to eliminate triggering factors. If frequent water contact, detergent, dyestuffs, dust-mite and similar allergens are observed or detected to trigger eczema, cutting off contact with them is the most important step of treatment for the cause.
2. Strengthening the Skin Barrier: Preventing skin dryness with moisturizing creams prevents the formation of eczema and contributes to the regression of existing eczema. Studies have proven that using regular moisturizer since infancy reduces the risk of developing atopic dermatitis. Regular use of moisturizers also reduces itching. The use of moisturizer is an essential part of eczema treatment. Regular moisturizer use also significantly reduces the need for treatments containing corticosteroids.
3. Topical Treatments: In the treatment of eczema, topical treatments such as corticosteroids, tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, which benefit from their immunosuppressive properties, are used. These medications should be used safely and as often as recommended by your doctor.4. Systemic Treatments: Systemic oral treatments or phototherapy (light treatments) are applied to the most common forms of eczema. In common forms of eczema, medications such as systemic corticosteroids and cycloporine are administered for a safe period of time and frequently, with necessary examinations and follow-ups under the supervision of a physician. Phototherapy (light treatments) is also used in common forms of eczema.
Is Eczema Contagious?
Since eczema is not an infectious disease, it is not contagious. Touching the rash of a person with eczema or using common items etc. cannot infect another person.
In Which Regions Is Eczema Seen?
Eczema can be seen on all skin areas. It can be seen in different regions depending on factors such as the type of eczema, the age of the person, and the area in contact with the irritant. The appearance of eczema can be confused with many skin diseases. An accurate diagnosis of eczema can be made by evaluation by dermatology specialists.
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